Vertigo refers to a sensation of rocking, rotation, or the environment spinning that's experienced even when one is perfectly still. Anyone who has these dizzy spells might be feeling like they're spinning or the world around them is spinning.
Often, vertigo results from an inner ear condition. Some common vertigo causes include:
An accumulation of tiny particles of calcium (canaliths) in the inner ear canals causes BPPV (benign paroxysmal positional vertigo). Signals about body and head movements in relation to gravity are sent to the brain by the inner ear. This helps people maintain balance.
BPPV may occur for no apparent reason and can be age-related.
Labyrinthitis or vestibular neuritis
This is a problem of the inner ear that's usually caused by viral infection. The infection leads to inner ear inflammation around vital nerves that help the body gain balance.
This disorder of the inner ear said to be due to an accumulation of fluid as well as pressure changes in the ear. It can lead to vertigo episodes as well as tinnitus and hearing loss.
Less common triggers for vertigo include migraine headaches, brain problems like tumor or stroke, some medicines that cause ear damage, as well as neck/head injury.
The symptoms of vertigo
Vertigo can be described as one symptom, rather than a condition that exhibits signs and symptoms.
People who have vertigo typically feel as if they're unbalanced, pulled to a specific direction, spinning, tilting, and swaying.
Other symptoms may accompany vertigo, including feeling nauseated, vomiting, sweating, headache, abnormal/jerking eye movements (nystagmus), tinnitus or hearing loss.
Symptoms can last a few hours or minutes and may occur and then go away.
Treatment for vertigo
Vertigo treatment depends on what is causing the problem. Vertigo often goes away without treatment. So, what may be the reason? Well, this is because the brain can adapt, at least partly to the changes in the inner ear, relying on other methods to maintain balance. Get more facts about vertigo at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vertigo.
Some people may require treatment, which can include:
This form of physical therapy is meant make your vestibular system stronger. The vestibular system transmits signals to the brain about body and head motions relative to gravity.
Sometimes medicines may be prescribed to help ease symptoms such as motion sickness or nausea associated with vertigo. For vertigo that results from infection or inflammation, some antibiotics and steroids can be prescribed to minimize swelling as well as treat infection. For those with Meniere's disease, they may be prescribed water pills or diuretics to relieve the pressure resulting from fluid buildup.
Surgery may be required for vertigo in a few instances. If something serious like a neck or brain injury, or tumor is behind the vertigo problem, treating these conditions can help alleviate the condition.